Readings

Introduction

Introductions, Syllabus Review

Week 1: What is Pan-Africanism?

Shepperson, George
1962 Pan-Africanism and “Pan-Africanism”: Some Historical Notes. Phylon
23(4): 346–358.

Drake, St. Clair
1975 The Black Diaspora in Pan-African Perspective. The Black Scholar 7(1):
2–13.

Walters, Ronald
1993 A Theory and Method of the Relationship. In Pan Africanism in the African Diaspora: An Analysis of Modern Political Movements Pp. 1–53. Detroit: Wayne State University Press. (only read 38-53)

Week 2: The Origins of Pan-Africanism

Esedebe, P.
1994 Origins of Pan-African Ideas. In Pan-Africanism: The Idea and
Movement, 1776-1991. 2nd edition Pp. 3–38. Washington, D.C.: Howard
University Press.

A Memorial from the Free People of Colour to the Citizens of Baltimore
1969[1827] In Apropos of Africa Pp. 33–37. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.

Turner, H.M.
1969[1902] Will It Be Possible for the Negro to Attain in This Country, Unto the American Type of Civilization. In Apropos of Africa Pp. 44–47. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.

Taylor, Ula Y.
2003 Intellectual Pan-African Feminists: Amy Ashwood-Garvey and Amy Jacques-Garvey In A Time Longer than Rope Pp. 179-195. New York: NYU Press.

Framing Questions
1. How has Pan-Africanism been defined?
2. What are the origins of Pan-African thought and action?
3. In what ways did Africans in the diaspora attempt to return to Africa?
4. Why did Africans in the diaspora want to immigrate back to Africa and in what ways did they attempt to do so?

Week 3: Black Nationalism: Marcus Garvey and World War I

James, Winston
1998 Dimensions and Main Currents of Caribbean Radicalism in America: Hubert Harrison, the African Blood Brotherhood, and the UNIA. In Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth-Century America Pp. 122–184. New York: Verso.

UNIA
1969[1922] Universal Negro Improvement Association: Constitution and Agenda. In Apropos of Africa Pp. 184–208. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. (skim)

Framing Questions
1. How did the UNIA and the ABB differ in terms of objectives and structure?
2. Why were Caribbean radicals so instrumental in forming Pan-African identity in America?
3. What attracted Pan-African leaders to socialist and communist organizations?

Week 4: Research Week

 

Week 5: Pan Africanism between Two Wars: The Pan African Congresses

Abstract and Bibliography Due!

Contee, Clarence G.
1972 Du Bois, the NAACP, and the Pan-African Congress of 1919. The Journal of Negro History 57:1 13-28

Esedebe, P.
1994 The Impact of the Abyssinian Crisis and World War II. In Pan- Africanism: The Idea and Movement, 1776-1991. 2nd edition Pp. 95–136. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press.

Week 6: Negritude

Drake, St. Clair
1972 Hide My Face?: On Pan-Africanism and Negritude. In Soon, One
Morning: New Writing by American Negroes 1940-1962. Herbert Hill, ed. Pp.
77–105. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Soyinka, Wole
1999 L.S. Senghor and Negritude: J’accuse, Mais, Je Pardonne. In The Burden of Memory, The Muse of Forgiveness Pp. 93–144. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Week 7: Pan Africanism and African Liberation

Mid-term distributed!

Esedebe, P.
1994 From Accra to Addis Ababa. In Pan-Africanism: The Idea and Movement, 1776-1991. 2nd edition Pp. 165–191. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press.

Nkrumah, Kwame
1963 Toward African Unity. In Africa Must Unite Pp. 132–140. London: Panaf
Books.

Toure, Sekou
1969 A Dialectical Approach to Culture. The Black Scholar 1(1): 11–26

Week 8: Pan-African Organization in Africa

Mid-term Due!

Esedebe, P.
1994 OAU and the Regional Groupings. In Pan-Africanism: The Idea and Movement, 1776-1991. 2nd edition Pp. 192–225. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press.

Week 9: Black Power

Ture, Kwame
2007 Power and Racism. In Stokely Speaks: From Black Power to Pan- Africanism. Pp. 17-30. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books.

Foner, Philip, ed.
2002 Huey P. Newton Talks to the Movement About the Black Panther Party,
Cultural Nationalism, SNCC, Liberals, and White Revolutionaries. In The Black
Panthers Speak. 2nd edition Pp. 50–76. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.

Harrison, Linda
2002 On Cultural Nationalism. In The Black Panthers Speak. 2nd edition. Philip
Foner, ed. Pp. 151–154. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.

Rodney, Walter
2001 Black Power, a Basic Understanding. In The Groundings with My
Brothers Pp. 16–23. London: Bogle-L’Ouverture Publications.

Rodney, Walter
2001 Black Power, Its Relevance to the West Indies. In The Groundings with
My Brothers Pp. 24–34. London: Bogle-L’Ouverture Publications.

Biko, Steve
1987 The Definition of Black Consciousness. In I Write What I Like Pp. 48–53. Oxford: Heinemann.

Week 10: From Black Power to Pan-Africanism: American Africans return Home

Ture, Kwame
2007 Pan-Africanism. In Stokely Speaks: From Black Power to Pan-Africanism
Pp. 183–220. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books.

Ture, Kwame
2007 From Black Power Back to Pan-Africanism. In Stokely Speaks: From
Black Power to Pan-Africanism Pp. 221–227. Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books.

Deburg, William L. Van, ed.
1997 Malcolm X and the Organization of Afro-American Unity. In Modern Black Nationalism: From Marcus Garvey to Louis Farrakhan Pp. 106–118. NYU Press.

Week 11: African Revolution in America: Diasporic Dialogues

Cabral, Amílcar
1974 Connecting the Struggles: An Informal Talk with Black Americans. In Return to the Source: Selected Speeches Pp. 71–92. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Sankara, Thomas (video!)
2007 Our White House Is in Black Harlem. In Thomas Sankara Speaks: The
Burkina Faso Revolution, 1983-1987 Pp. 147–153. Atlanta: Pathfinder Press.

Robeson, Paul
2002 The Real Issue in the Case of the Council on African Affairs. In Paul
Robeson Speaks. Philip Foner, ed. Pp. 345–347. New York: Citadel Press.

Week 12: Pan Africanism in Latin America and Asia

Paper Draft Due!

Walters, Ronald
1993 Pan-Africanism in Brazil: Comparative Aspects of Color, Race and Power. In Pan Africanism in the African Diaspora: An Analysis of Modern Political Movements Pp. 272–295. Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

Slate, Nico
2012 The Dalit Panthers: Race, Caste, and Black Power in India in, Nico Slate
ed. Black Power Beyond Borders: The Global Dimensions of the Black Power
Movement. Pp. 127-143. Palgrave Macmillian.

Week 13: Pan Africanism in the 21st Century

Clarke, John Henrik
1994 Pan Africanism in Transition: Looking Toward the Twenty-first Century. In Who Betrayed the African World Revolution? and Other Speeches Pp. 99–111. Kent, OH: Third World Press.

Campbell, Horace
1996 Pan-Africanism in the Twenty-First Century. In Pan-Africanism: Politics, Economy, and Social Change in the Twenty-first Century. Tajudeen Abdul- Raheem, ed. Pp. 212–228. London: Pluto Press.

Esedebe, P.
1994 Trends, Problems, and Prospects. In Pan-Africanism: The Idea and Movement, 1776-1991. 2nd edition Pp. 226–247. Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press.

Week 14: Presentations

Week 15: Presentations

Final Draft Due!